Anka Health Center
In vitro fertilization treatment has been applied successfully for many years in couples who cannot have children with natural methods. IVF treatment, which is an assisted reproductive technique; It offers the opportunity to have children for couples who cannot have children due to infertility, advanced age, infections and tube obstructions in women, low sperm count and low quality in men, and metabolic disorders such as obesity. In vitro fertilization, which is the most preferred infertility treatment today, is an artificial fertilization technique that is applied by bringing female and male reproductive cells together under laboratory conditions and placing the fertilized egg in the mothers uterus. This process is carried out by collecting eggs, which are female reproductive cells, and sperm, which are male reproductive cells, under certain conditions. After the fertilization is completed in a healthy way, the egg begins to divide and turns into a structure called embryo, and the pregnancy process begins as a result of the embryo being placed in the mothers uterus and successfully attached. After this stage, pregnancy is no different from pregnancies formed by natural methods.
In IVF treatment, two different methods are used to place fertilized eggs in the womb in a laboratory environment. In the classical IVF treatment, which is the first of these, egg cells and sperm cells are left side by side in a certain environment and they are expected to be fertilized by themselves. In another method, microinjection, sperm cells are injected directly into the egg cell using special pipettes. Which of these two techniques should be preferred is decided by the specialist physicians according to the individual characteristics of the couples. The aim of the treatment process is to provide the most suitable environment for fertilization and a healthy pregnancy to occur.
When should infertile couples seek IVF treatment?
If a woman who is under the age of 35 and does not have any disease that can prevent her from becoming pregnant, cannot conceive despite having unprotected and regular sexual intercourse for 1 year, she should definitely be examined and should seek treatment if necessary. Women who are over the age of 35 or who have had any problems affecting conception before, should try for 6 months. If pregnancy has not occurred at the end of this period, the necessary treatment procedure should be started as soon as possible so that the age does not progress further and time is not lost.
What are the methods used in IVF treatment?
In vitro fertilization is a frequently applied treatment method with increasing success. Because of womens problems with tubes, ovulation problems and male infertility, these treatments are applied, and many applications are on the agenda to increase the success of treatment.
How many times can IVF be tried?
In general, it is recommended that the IVF trial be done 3 times. There is a possibility of pregnancy in the trials after this number, but the chance is very low.
Until what age can IVF be applied?
In vitro fertilization can be applied to women up to the age of 45. However, it should be noted that the chance of getting pregnant is significantly reduced in women over 40 years of age. For this reason, the success rate of IVF treatment in older women is lower than in younger women, and the number of trials may need to be increased.
What are the chances of success in IVF procedure?
Factors such as the mothers age and embryo quality are of great importance in the success of IVF. Therefore, the chances of success also vary according to these factors. While the success of IVF is 55-60% in women under the age of 30, this rate drops to 15-20% in women over the age of 40.